NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS) 20050205851: Reciprocating Feed System Development Status
Publication date 2005-06-16
Topics NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS), FEED SYSTEMS, RECIPROCATION, LIQUID ROCKET PROPELLANTS, HIGH PRESSURE, FLOW VELOCITY, STORABLE PROPELLANTS, SYSTEMS ENGINEERING, TEST STANDS, SYSTEMS ANALYSIS, THRUST AUGMENTATION, Trewek, Mary [Technical Monitor], Blackmon, James B., Eddleman, David E.,
The reciprocating feed system (RFS) is an alternative means of providing high pressure propellant flow at low cost and system mass, with high fail-operational reliability. The RFS functions by storing the liquid propellants in large, low-pressure tanks and then expelling each propellant through two or three small, high-pressure tanks. Each RFS tank is sequentially filled, pressurized, expelled, vented, and refilled so as to provide a constant, or variable, mass flow rate to the engine. This type of system is much lighter than a conventional pressure fed system in part due to the greatly reduced amount of inert tank weight. The delivered payload for an RFS is superior to that of conventional pressure fed systems for conditions of high total impulse and it is competitive with turbopump systems, up to approximately 2000 psi. An advanced version of the RFS uses autogenous pressurization and thrust augmentation to achieve higher performance. In this version, the pressurization gases are combusted in a small engine, thus making the pressurization system, in effect, part of the propulsion system. The RFS appears to be much less expensive than a turbopump system, due to reduced research and development cost and hardware cost, since it is basically composed of small high- pressure tanks, a pressurization system, and control valves. A major benefit is the high reliability fail-operational mode; in the event of a failure in one of the three tank-systems, it can operate on the two remaining tanks. Other benefits include variable pressure and flow rates, ease of engine restart in micro-gravity, and enhanced propellant acquisition and control under adverse acceleration conditions. We present a system mass analysis tool that accepts user inputs for various design and mission parameters and calculates such output values payload and vehicle weights for the conventional pressure fed system, the RFS, the Autogenous Pressurization Thrust Augmentation (APTA) RFS, and turbopump systems. Using this tool, a preliminary design of a representative crew exploration vehicle (CEV) has been considered. The design parameters selected for a representative system were modeled after the orbital maneuvering system (OMS) on the Shuttle Orbiter, with an increase of roughly a factor of ten in the delta- V capability and a greater thrust (30,000 lbs, vs. 12,000 lbs). Both storable and cryogenic propellants were considered. Results show that a RFS is a low mass alternative to conventional pressure fed systems, with a substantial increase in payload capability and that it is weight-competitive with turbopump systems at low engine pressure (a few hundred psi); at high engine pressures, the APTA RFS appears to offer the highest payload. We also present the status of the RFS test bed fabrication, assembly, and checkout. This test bed is designed to provide flow rates appropriate for engines in the roughly 10,000 to 30,000 lb thrust range.
Ocr ABBYY FineReader 11.0
Uploaded by chris85 on